The major organic product of the reaction below is an alcohol. The organic product is formed when the nucleophile attacks the carbon atom that is bonded to the electrophile.
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Reactions that occur between two molecules are called chemical reactions. In a chemical reaction, the molecules are broken apart and rearranged to form new molecules. The products of a chemical reaction are determined by the starting materials (reactants) and the conditions (temperature, pressure, etc.) under which the reaction takes place.
In the organic chemistry laboratory, reactions are often run in solvents such as water or ethanol. The solvent is usually included as one of the reactants in the equation for the reaction. For example, the reaction between ethanol and acetic acid to form ethyl acetate can be written as:
Ethanol + Acetic acid → Ethyl acetate + Water
In this equation, water is not one of the starting materials (reactants), but it is one of the products formed during the reaction.
The major organic product of a chemical reaction is the product that is formed in the greatest amount. For example, if a chemist were to run a reaction in which 50% of the product was ethyl acetate and 50% of the product was water, then ethyl acetate would be considered the major organic product.
What is the Major Organic Product of the Reaction Below?
The major organic product of the reaction below is 2-methyl-2-propanol. This is because the nucleophilic attack by the hydroxide ion on the carbonyl carbon of the reactant molecule creates a new carbon-oxygen bond. The new bond is formed at the expense of the carbon-hydrogen bond, which is broken.
The Major Product is the alkene
The major product of the reaction is the alkene. Notice that there are two possible alkenes that could be formed, but only one is the major product. The other is a minor product.
The Product is the alcohol
The major organic product of the reaction below is the alcohol. The reactants are an alkene and water. The product is an alcohol.
The Product is the aldehyde
The product is the aldehyde. The aldehyde is the major organic product of the reaction below.
The major organic product of the reaction below is butanal.