This is a step by step guide on how to draw the organic products formed in the reaction shown.
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In organic chemistry, there are many reactions that can occur between molecules. Some of these reactions result in the formation of new molecules, while others may simply lead to the rearrangement of atoms within a molecule. In this guide, we will focus on how to draw the organic products formed in one specific reaction: the dehydrogenation of an alkane.
Dehydrogenation is a type of chemical reaction that involves the removal of Hydrogen atoms from a molecule. In the case of alkanes, this typically results in the formation of an alkene molecule. For example, if we take the alkane methane (CH4) and remove two Hydrogen atoms, we are left with an ethylene molecule (C2H4).
The overall reaction can be represented by the following equation:
Alkane + Heat --> Alkene + Hydrogen
In this equation, the alkane is represented by “R-H” and the alkene is represented by “R-C=C”. The “R” represents any generic alkyl group; that is, any group of carbon atoms bonded together. The ” Heat” term simply represents energy; typically, this comes in the form of heat or light. Finally, the “Hydrogen” term represents diatomic hydrogen gas (H2), which is produced as a by-product of this reaction.
Now that we know what happens in this reaction, let’s try to draw the organic products formed when propane (C3H8) undergoes dehydrogenation.
What You Need
In order to draw the organic products formed in the reaction shown, you will need:
-A sheet of paper
Drawing the Reaction
In order to draw the organic products formed in the reaction shown, you will need to use a method called “cartooning.” This method involves drawing the atoms and bonds as though they were little cartoon characters.
Here is an example of how to cartoon the organic products formed in the reaction:
The reactants are drawn on the left, with the arrow pointing to the products. The atoms are represented by their elemental symbols, and the bonds are represented by lines. In this example, there are two carbon atoms (C) and four hydrogen atoms (H). The product has one carbon atom (C), two hydrogen atoms (H), and one oxygen atom (O).
In this reaction, two things are happening: an organic molecule is being formed, and water is being produced. To draw the products, you need to understand how each of these processes works.
The first step is to draw the organic molecule that is being formed. This molecule has a double bond between carbon atoms, so you will need to use a dashed line to represent this bond. Remember that carbon atoms can bond with up to four other atoms, so each carbon atom in this molecule is bonded to two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.
The second step is to draw the water molecule that is being produced. This molecule has two hydrogen atoms bonded to one oxygen atom, so you will need to use a solid line to represent this bond. Remember that water molecules are often drawn as H-O-H, with the oxygen atom in the middle and the hydrogen atoms on either side.
Once you have drawn the organic molecule and the water molecule, you can put them together to form the products of the reaction. The organic molecule will be on the left side of the equation and the water molecule will be on the right side.
In conclusion, drawing the organic products formed in the reaction shown can be a difficult task. However, by following the steps outlined in this guide, you should be able to get it done with relative ease.