This blog post will teach you how to draw the organic products formed in the following reaction:
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2-Butanol reacts with glacial acetic acid to give products A and B. A is a liquid with a boiling point of 80.6 °C and density of 0.879 g/mL. B is a liquid with a boiling point of 118.2 °C and density of 0.952 g/mL.
In the reaction, two molecules of A combine to give one molecule of B. B is the only product formed in this reaction.
The Main Product
In the reaction, the main product will be the organic compound that is formed in the largest yield. This product will usually be the one that is thermodynamically favored under the given conditions.
The Side Products
In this reaction, the side products are water and carbon dioxide.
Drawing the organic products formed in the following reaction:
In the organic chemistry reaction above, there is one organic product shown in the yield.
The Reaction Mechanism
The organic products formed in the reaction are determined by the mechanism of the reaction. The mechanism of a reaction is the order in which bonds are broken and formed as well as which intermediates are formed during the course of the reaction. In organic chemistry, there are two broad classifications of reactions: those that occur via nucleophilic substitution and those that occur via electrophilic addition.
Nucleophilic substitution reactions involve the replacement of one nucleophile (electron-rich compound) for another at a carbocation (carbon with a positive charge). Nucleophilic substitution reactions can be either SN1 or SN2. In an SN1 reaction, the bond between the leaving group and carbon is broken first, and then the nucleophile attacks. In an SN2 reaction, both bond breaking and bond forming happen simultaneously. Electrophilic addition reactions involve attack by an electrophile (electron-poor compound) at a double or triple bond. The resulting product has a new carbon-carbon bond.