How to Draw the Organic Product of the Following Reaction
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In organic chemistry, reactions often produce more than one product. In order to determine the organic product of a reaction, you’ll need to carefully consider the structure of the reactants and products, as well as the types of bonds that are being broken and formed. With practice, you’ll be able to confidently draw the organic product of a given reaction.
In order to draw the organic product of the following reaction, we need to first identify what type of reaction it is. This particular reaction is an oxidative cleavage, which means that a carbon-carbon bond is cleaved by oxygen. In this case, the carbon-carbon bond being cleaved is in the 1,2-diol functional group.
Once we know that this is an oxidative cleavage, we can use that information to predict the products of the reaction. In an oxidative cleavage, the carbon atom bonded to the more electronegative oxygen atom will be oxidized (lose electrons), while the other carbon atom will be reduced (gain electrons). This means that the product of the reaction will be two carbonyl compounds: one aldehyde and one alcohol.
The aldehyde group will be on the chain interconnected to the diol group at the carbon 2 position, while the alcohol group will be on the chain interconnected to the diol group at position 1. Therefore, the final organic product of this reaction will be 1-butanol and 2-butanal.
First, draw the reactants.
Start with the base molecule, and then add the substituents. In this case, the base molecule is pentane, and the substituents are a methyl group and a chlorine atom.
Next, determine the conformation of the reactants. In this case, the molecule is symmetrical, so we can use any conformation.
Then, add in the reagents. In this case, we are using a nucleophile (the chlorine atom) and an electrophile (the methyl group).
Finally, show the products of the reaction. In this case, there is only one product: 5-chloro-2-methylpentane.
In conclusion, the steps to drawing the organic product of the following reaction are as follows: determine the major organic product, decide if it is chiral or not, and finally draw out the stereochemistry if necessary.