In this blog post, we’ll show you how to draw the organic product of the following reaction. This is a great way to learn about organic chemistry and how to visualize molecules.
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The general reaction for the addition of a halogen to an alkene is shown below.
In this reaction, the double bond is broken and a single bond is formed between the carbon and chlorine atoms.
This type of reaction is called an addition reaction because two molecules (in this case, a halogen and an alkene) combine to form a new molecule (in this case, an chloroalkane).
Draw the organic product(s) of the following reaction. Clearly show stereochemistry where appropriate. Include resonance structures and/or arrow pushing to illustrate your answer. Include all reagents necessary to complete the reaction. Indicate the major product.
The Meaning of an Organic Reaction
In order to draw the organic product of a reaction, you must first understand the meaning of an organic reaction. An organic reaction is simply a chemical reaction that involves at least one organic compound. An organic compound is any molecule that contains carbon atoms. Therefore, in order to draw the organic product of a given reaction, you must first identify the reactants and products that are involved in the reaction, and then determine which of those molecules contain carbon atoms.
The Significance of an Organic Reaction
In organic chemistry, an organic reaction is a chemical reaction that involves the organic compounds. Organic reactions can either be intra-molecular, where the reactants are molecules that collide with each other to form new molecules, or inter-molecular, where reactive species (radicals, ions, or reagents) transfer between molecules.
The Main Types of Organic Reactions
Organic reactions are chemical reactions involving organic compounds. The basic types of organic reactions include addition reactions, elimination reactions, substitution reactions, pericyclic reactions, rearrangement reactions, and photochemical reactions.
Addition reactions are characterized by the addition of a reagent to an alkene or alkyne. The reagent can be a nucleophile or an electrophile. Nucleophilic addition reactions occur when a nucleophile attacks an electron-poor unsaturated compound. The nucleophile can be a metal ion, a hydride ion, or a compound with a lone pair of electrons. Electrophilic addition reactions occur when an electrophile attacks an electron-rich unsaturated compound.
Elimination reactions are characterized by the removal (or elimination) of a leaving group from an organic molecule. Leaving groups can be hydroxide ions, halide ions, or pseudohalide ions. The type of elimination reaction that occurs depends on the nature of the leaving group and the substrate molecule. Substitution reactions are characterized by the replacement of one group in an organic molecule by another group. There are two main types of substitution reaction—nucleophilic substitution and electrophilic substitution—which depend on the nature of the attacking species.
Pericyclic reactions are cyclic organic reactions that occur in a single step without intervention from any other molecules or ions (other than solvent molecules). Rearrangement reactions involve the migration of groups within molecules—the groups do not enter or leave the molecule during the reaction but simply move to different positions within it. Photochemical reactions are triggered by photons (light particles) and typically result in rearrangement or cleavage (breakage) of bonds within molecules.
In order to draw the organic product of the following reaction, you will need to know the structure of the organic reactant molecule. The organic reactant molecule has two carbons, each with four bonds. There is a double bond between the carbons, and the other bonds are single bonds. The double bond can be drawn as a line between the two carbons, and the single bonds can be drawn as lines connecting the carbons to the rest of the molecule.
The Procedure of the Reaction
1. The starting materials for this reaction are 2-bromo-2-methylpropane and potassium tert-butoxide.
2. In a 25 mL round bottom flask, add 2-bromo-2-methylpropane (0.1 mL, 0.62 mmol) and potassium tert-butoxide (0.56 g, 4.00 mmol).
3. Swirl the flask until the solids have dissolved, then attach a reflux condenser.
4. Place the flask on a magnetic stirrer and heat the mixture to reflux for 30 minutes.
5. Remove the flask from the heat and allow it to cool to room temperature, then remove the condenser and add 15 mL of cold water.
6. Swirl the flask until all of the solids have dissolved, then transfer the solution to a separatory funnel and extract the organic layer with 15 mL of dichloromethane (DCM).
7. Remove the separatory funnel from the ring stand and allow it to sit for 5 minutes so that the layers can separate, then carefully drain off the bottom aqueous layer into a waste beaker.
8. Return the organic layer to the separatory funnel and extract it once more with 15 mL of DCM to remove any remaining water. Drain off this DCM solution into your product collection bottle or vial for later analysis by TLC or GC/MS .
The Products of the Reaction
The products of the reaction are two molecules of water and one molecule of oxygen.
In conclusion, it is possible to draw the organic product of the following reaction by using a variety of methods. Some common methods include using a pencil or pen, using a template, or drawing it out by hand. Whichever method you choose, make sure to take your time and be precise.